Pelvic pain is a common problem that can affect women of all ages. It can be a chronic condition or occur acutely, and it can be caused by a variety of factors. In this blog post, we’ll discuss the causes of pelvic pain and some effective treatment strategies.

Causes of Pelvic Pain

Pelvic pain can be caused by a range of issues, including gynecological, gastrointestinal, musculoskeletal, and urological conditions. Some of the most common causes of pelvic pain include:

  1. Endometriosis – This is a condition where tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This can cause pelvic pain, especially during menstruation.
  2. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) – PID is a bacterial infection that can affect the reproductive organs, causing pain and discomfort.
  3. Fibroids – Fibroids are non-cancerous growths that can develop in the uterus, causing pelvic pain, heavy periods, and other symptoms.
  4. Interstitial Cystitis (IC) – IC is a chronic condition that causes bladder pain and pelvic pain.
  5. Vulvodynia – This is a chronic pain condition that affects the vulva, causing pain and discomfort.
  6. Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) – IBS is a gastrointestinal condition that can cause abdominal pain, bloating, and changes in bowel habits.
  7. Pelvic Floor Dysfunction – This is a condition where the muscles and tissues that support the pelvic organs are weakened or damaged, causing pelvic pain and other symptoms.
  8. Ovarian cysts – Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries. They can cause pelvic pain if they grow large or rupture.

Treatment Strategies for Pelvic Pain

The treatment strategies for pelvic pain will depend on the underlying cause of the pain. Here are some common treatments:

  1. Pain management – Pain medications, such as over-the-counter pain relievers or prescription drugs, may be used to manage pelvic pain. In some cases, nerve blocks or other interventional procedures may be used to provide pain relief.
  2. Hormone therapy – Hormone therapy may be used to manage pelvic pain caused by conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids. Hormonal birth control can also help regulate the menstrual cycle, reducing pelvic pain associated with periods.
  3. Physical therapy – Pelvic floor physical therapy can help relieve pelvic pain caused by pelvic floor dysfunction. The therapy involves exercises to strengthen the pelvic floor muscles, as well as other treatments such as biofeedback and manual therapy.
  4. Surgery – In some cases, surgery may be necessary to treat pelvic pain. This is often the case with conditions such as endometriosis or fibroids. Surgery may involve removing the affected tissue or organs.
  5. Lifestyle changes – Making changes to your lifestyle can help manage pelvic pain. For example, eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and reducing stress can all help improve symptoms.

When to Seek Medical Attention

If you are experiencing pelvic pain, it’s important to seek medical attention if the pain is severe or if it’s interfering with your daily life. You should also seek medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Difficulty urinating
  • Bowel or bladder changes
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Pain during sex


Pelvic pain is a common problem that can be caused by a variety of factors. It’s important to identify the underlying cause of the pain so that appropriate treatment can be provided.

If you are experiencing pelvic pain, be sure to talk to your healthcare provider to determine the cause and develop an effective treatment plan. You can schedule an appointment with the doctors of Mt. Auburn OBGYN, here.