You may have heard of hyperemesis gravidarum before because the Duchess of Cambridge, Kate Middleton, has suffered from this condition while pregnant with her children over the years. Otherwise, here’s the 411 on this uncommon problem for pregnant women. 


Hyperemesis Gravidarum Is…

Hyperemesis gravidarum (HG) is a rare form of morning sickness during pregnancy that has symptoms like severe vomiting, nausea, dizziness and lead to dehydration. Not all cases are severe. Some cases can be treated with a simple change in diet and rest. Others can be more extreme, which may require a trip to the hospital. This had happened to the Duchess of Cambridge with her first child, George. 

It’s important to remember, no matter how mild or extreme your case maybe you should speak to your doctor before treating your symptoms on your own. For example, taking medication whether that is over-the-counter or prescription. 


Morning Sickness vs Hyperemesis Gravidarum

How do you know if you have HG when morning sickness is so common in pregnant women? Generally speaking, your symptoms would be less severe or persistent if you’re suffering from morning sickness than HG.

mt auburn obgyn What is Hyperemesis Gravidarum

Additionally, while morning sickness affects 40-50% of pregnant women, only 0.5% to 2% of pregnant women have HG

Why Does HG Happen? 

Researchers and professionals believe that HG happens due to the rise in hormones from pregnancy, but in truth, the full cause is unknown. It’s perhaps also affected hereditarily, even through the paternal side. For example, Princess Diana admitted to having severe morning sickness during her pregnancies with William and Harry. In fact, extreme conditions have even been passed through surrogacy too. 


Does Hyperemesis Gravidarum Affect My Baby? 

Hyperemesis gravidarum does not permanently harm you or your child, especially when you are actively treating your condition with your doctor. Remember that anything left untreated and neglected in your health will be harmful to your well being. So if you suspect you may have HG, please speak to your doctor and get treated immediately to prevent your condition from getting worse. Don’t worry about feeling like you’re overreacting either. We believe in being safe than sorry! 

Have more questions about hyperemesis gravidarum or general pregnancy questions? Give us a call or make an appointment at any of our three locations.